IBPS- Largest Recruiter in Banking Sector

Bank recruitment is a very tough and hectic procedure. It is a process that requires large amount of hard work by the recruiters as well as the candidates. However, the banks are not ready to compromise on the quality of its personnel. A well established autonomous body called he Institute of Banking Personnel has been set up which has undertaken the major responsibility of recruiting candidates through outsourcing. This institution has gained immense popularity in the recent times, one of the reasons for this growing success can be its recent achievement in the banking sector. After many years of planning and making strategies, it has finally got the permission to conduct Common Written Exam in 2011. This is the biggest achievement by Institute of Banking Personnel (IBPS), as these exams would be an entry ticket to 19 renowned public sector banks of India.

Institute of Banking Personnel works on international testing models like ETS. It has technologically advanced training programmes which help to understand the need of its customers in accordance to their potentialities in various fields.

Another reason for its popularity is the treatment of its employees by IBPS. It is a well known fact that IBPS, by far is one of the largest recruiters in India, however not many are aware of the fact that it also supports promotion of its employees. It aims at the progress of its employees who are capable of facing challenges and take up new responsibilities. It not only conducts exams but also organizes the interview that follows the bank exam. It has a fast technology printing machines which can print 100 sheets of data booklets and answer sheets per day, which has led to inclination of many banks towards IBPS to conduct exams. It is buit by a strong faculty of experienced team members, who are professionals in various fields. It is capable of conducting exams all over India, in over 150 towns for 300 thousands candidates in one session. This is possible only due to its large web of network spread throughout the country and its technologically advances mechanisms.

Thus, IBPS has made it much easier to conduct bank recruitment in various parts of the country and in any public sector bank of India. Its recent Endeavour, the Common Written Exams aim at taking its position to another level.

Download list of bank recruitment ,bank clerk recruitment 2011 , Bank recruitment 2011 and IBPS at jagranjosh.com .

Atlanta Ga Business Franchise Consultant Knows Comfort Keepers Franchise

Senior care franchise associates Biz Advisors Inc, as an Atlanta GA franchise consultant suggest the Comfort Keepers franchise.

Exploring the Range of Home Care Services

Senior citizens today have more home care services to choose from than ever before. And more than ever, seniors are opting to continue living at home for as long as possible, even when they need medical assistance.

Home care services have increased in popularity as a senior care option to assisted living facilities and nursing homes, even as quality of facility-provided care continues to improve.

The reasons for home care services growth include:

* Americas 65+ population is growing faster than ever (expected to double to more than 70 million by 2030, accounting for one of every five Americans)

* Much of the senior population growth is being fueled by the baby boom generation, which is entering retirement. Todays seniors, who are more active and living longer than previous generations, prefer to continue living independently at home for as long as possible

* Medical advancements make it possible for in-home care of chronic health conditions, which have become more prevalent due to the aging population

* Home care has become more accepted by physicians

* There is a movement toward more cost-effective health care options, such as in-home care

Studies show that even after they begin needing assistance with the activities of daily living or ongoing health care, seniors prefer to age in the comfort of their own home. In fact, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reports that more than two-thirds of older Americans who already need daily assistance are now living at home. This includes more than 70 percent of persons with Alzheimers disease.

In-home senior care agencies offer a wide variety of services that clients can select as needed. The services can be tailored to provide whatever amount of help a senior need to perform the activities of daily living. Services include:

*Companionship and care services, such as meal planning and preparation, light housekeeping, conversation and companionship, medication reminders, transportation, grocery shopping, laundry, and recreational activities

*Personal care services, such as bathing, help with mobility, incontinence care, toileting, feeding, and special diet preparation

*Technology services, such as monitoring, emergency response and medication management systems to provide security and care for seniors when professional or family caregivers are not present

Many seniors needing in-home care have chronic medical conditions that require regular management, so medical home care agencies can work in conjunction with non-medical in-home senior care providers to meet a seniors complete needs.

In-home elder care providers, such as Comfort Keepers, also serve todays more active seniors, helping them maintain connections with friends, as well as community organizations and hobbies that continue to give them satisfaction.

Atlanta GA franchise consultant Biz Advisors Inc sells the Senior care franchise, Comfort Keepers franchise.

Test Bank is important for the students

Test Bank is effective for the students because it provides the necessary questions and their answers for the students for their preparation for the exam. It provides the different types of questions and their answers. The answers are solved out thoroughly. They are very much helpful for the students. There probable questions and their answers. They are solved out in the test bank. Test bank is popular. Students can get help from the test bank. They can make their preparation for the exam also. It can be considered as reference book also. The students are happy to get the test bank.

Test Bank is very much effective for the students because it provides the various important questions and their answers. It makes the students much confident because it covers the whole syllabus and it provides various questions and their answers. Students are very much helpful to get adequate help from the test bank. It makes their concept on the respective subject well. The students are in great advantage. They are getting additional help from the test bank. They are very much happy and confident. Test bank makes them successful for the exam.

Test bank is very much helpful for the teachers also because they can get the idea from the question bank about the different questions and their answers. They can refer the test bank for additional preparation for the exam. It is a collection of various questions and their answers. It is very much needed by both of the students and teachers. Test bank is universally approved by all renowned teachers.

Student needs Test Bank because they are in great demand of important questions and their answers for the last moment preparation for the exam. Test bank is very much professionally written. It covers the every aspect which matters for the quality answers. The answers are precise but to the point and of high quality. Student can score high marks and they can make their position high in the class.

About The Author

Christopher Ameji has been associated with providing the content on different kinds of solutions manuals for all the US & international textbooks. The author is primarily dedicated to providing the sources that help the students get the answers to their both even & odd problems given in their textbooks.To visit for Test Bank.

Using Public Short Ratio Or Psr To Trade

Public Short Ratio (PSR), also known as non-member short ratio, can be a helpful indicator to trade stock markets. It is used by many traders to find trading opportunities and to predict market movements. Public short ratio is defined as the ratio between public short selling number and total short selling number.

PSR = Total public short sells/total short sells.

The PSR ratio is disclosed by markets on a daily basis. High PSR values shows that the public are more bearish and low PSR values shows the public are more bullish. Although the ratio itself is an easy-to-use indicator, most traders use this ratio as a 10 day moving average. This makes interpretations easier and offer better flexibility. 25% of moving average is taken as the crossing point. When ever the 10-day moving average is above 25%, the market is considered bullish and when ever the moving average is below 25%, the market is considered bearish. The more the ratio stays above/below the 25% level, the more the chance of market reversal.

The basic idea behind public short ratio is public or retail traders are the worst short sellers; when compared to institutional traders and exchange member short sellers. So it is a good strategy to buy whenever public short and sell whenever go. Although sounds awkward the strategy has a high success history, especially for swing traders and long-term traders.

Advantages of public short ratio include 1) its is simple and easy-to-use, 2) has a good success history, 3) it is suitable for most traders, 4) offer better results when combined with other indicators, 5) has support available in most trading platforms and 6) is scalable with user demands.

Disadvantages of PSR include 1) it is less effective of short-term traders like day traders, 2) there is a good amount of risk associated with it, 3) the strategy does not work always as there can be situations where public are right, 4) the strategy may not work in high-volatile markets and 5) is not so suited for novice traders, especially who are not certain about minimizing their downside risks and hedging their positions.

Bank Vault Doors, Reinforcement and Metal Cladding

Vaults are among the structures having the strongest doors. They are designed to protect valuables such as money, documents, jewelries and records. Vaults may differ in size according to the amount of valuables to be stored. The strongest vault doors are designed for bank vaults where huge amounts of valuables are safely kept.

Designing a door for a bank vault is difficult. It should have a maximum strength that can resist strong heat during fire and cannot easily be damaged during attempted theft or robbery. Its durability and strength is dependent mostly on its thickness and not on the type of material used. However, since bank vaults have doors made of either concrete cased with alloyed metals or purely metal, the hardest substances are chosen.

In making a vault door, most manufacturers use a regular mold to form the steel before screwing the metal clad on it. This allows the concrete to reach its ultimate strength before the actual metal cladding. However, some manufacturers pour the concrete directly on a special metal clad that altogether forms the vault door. In this way, the time of assembling will be minimized.

In other words, the most common vault doors are not pure steel or iron doors but concrete reinforced doors. Concrete is used to resist compression forces that might be applied on the door. Unlike normal concrete structures wherein the steel bars are the ones covered with concrete, vault doors are made with concrete clad with the steel. The reinforcement results in a strong and massive closing.

The most important part of a vault door is the lock system. It consists of different small sized metals held in different significant arrangements to form a strong hold along the side of the impenetrable door. Lock system can be of various types such as combination lock, high security key lock, dual control combination lock, time lock and safe-cracking lock. As long as vaults are made with iron doors, any of these lock systems can be applied.

The same principle used in making vault doors are applied in making special prison doors, submarine doors and doors of vehicles used in space. The iron doors used are strong enough to resist extreme pressure at a certain depth underwater or extreme lack of pressure within a vacuum and are perfectly tightened that even air cannot penetrate along the side.

New Coaching Course Freedom Formula 8 Helps Entrepreneurs Make a Realistic Income Tapping into th

West Palm Beach, FL – 21 January 2013 – Ryan Moran, a renowned Internet Entrepreneur and marketing coach, announces the release of his new coaching course “Freedom Formula 8.” The new course is designed to help Entrepreneurs finally master one of the many ways to make a realistic income online and to show them how to control their income so that they can control your life.

-This coaching course is for Entrepreneurs looking to improve on their online income results and build a sustainable income in just 8 days,- said Brian Owens, one of the coaches on this course. -It provides valuable proven insider information on how to pick a profitable niche online, turn the guaranteed traffic source into recurring customers in just 8 days.-

Highlights from this Freedom Formula 8 coaching course include:

-the 8 exact steps that Ryan uses to create his successful niche businesses online

-how to be in control of your financial health

-how to turn the cyber shopping mega trend into money in your pocket

-follow a proven roadmap with guaranteed results

-start to make money in a little over a week

Brian also says in his Freedom Formula 8 Reviews, -The best part of Ryan’s course is that even someone who has never tried to make money online could follow the instructions and have success. You don’t need to be an expert, so if you’re looking for something geared towards beginners, this is the course for you-.

The course is available at at just $47 and with your purchase you will get a special bonus report -Convenient Commissions- that shows you a live case study on how to build a website that generates thousands a month.

The coaching course is run by Ryan Moran and a selected group of mentors. Ryan Moran is a successful internet marketer.

About Brian Owens

For the last 5 years, Brian Owens of has been working with internet entrepreneurs teaching profitable marketing strategies online and is one of the coaches on this new coaching course, Freedom Formula 8.

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Contact: Brian Owens
Company: Brian Owens Biz
Address: 2064 Pleasant Hill Road, West Palm Beach, FL 33409
Phone: 561-966-5983
Email:
URL:

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Starting a small business online,500in15,500 in15 review

Starting a small business online

How to take the first steps to starting a small business online. Today you can easily access anything from online shopping to job information online with just a click of your mouse.

If you already have an idea of the kind of business you plan to start you can begin by researching on the internet to see if this is something people are really searching to buy. You need to establish there is a demand for your idea. If not, however good you think it is, it is not likely to be successful.

If you are not sure exactly what your business will be you can browse the internet to find ideas. You can also visit your local bookstore and look for books and magazines on topics of interest to you. Again you should make sure there is a large group of people, or market, for this product or service.

By browsing the internet and clicking on a few sites of interest to you, it is easy to start an avalanche of information flowing into your email inbox. If you are venturing online for the first time and you have no previous experience it is very easy to feel overwhelmed very quickly. Most people seem to experience what is now referred to as “information overload” at some time.

One way round this problem is to look for an online marketing offer which will help starting a small business online a little easier. There are many online marketers offering a solution to your problem but how can you choose a good fit for you? Beginners in the online business field are often referred to as “newbies” so this is a good place to start.

You should look for an offer that concentrates on the basics for any online business rather than the latest trend at this time. If you can find a course that will take you step by step from the creation of your website, setting up your offer and getting visitors to your website this will reduce the time it takes. Why start from scratch when there are plenty of proven systems that work already.
I highly recommend you stick to one method to start with.

Enjoy the 5 minute video

Health Care For Canadian Entrepreneurs The Most Sensible Option Is A Best Kept Secret

The Shocking Truth is that you will only realize 70% of the value of a traditional health plan.

The reality is that for the small businesses (especially the sole owner type), monthly health benefit plans are designed to yield around 30% in profit for the Providers when it comes to routine health care expenses. On average, for a small business, you will only get out 70% of the premiums you put in – the traditional monthly plans are designed that way. And, if you claim more in one year, your premiums or limitations will normally increase to maintain that 70/30 ratio.

A Health Spending Account is a great alternative for entrepreneurs.

In contrast, a Health Spending Account (HSA) is far more cost effective for these routine health care expenses, without the artificial percentage and coverage limitations imposed by the insurance carriers. For example, most monthly health plans cover 80% for routine cleaning, up to a fixed annual limit per person. HSA’s have no percentage limits imposed – 100% is covered.

Monthly health plans typically cover only certain services. Few monthly plans cover things like glasses, massage therapy, orthotics, contacts, laser eye surgery, etc. A Health Spending Account allow entrepreneurs’ and their dependents to gain access to a full spectrum of health care services.

The final good news is that Revenue Canada (CRA) allows incorporated Canadian businesses to write-off 100% of the costs of a Health Spending Account, and all claim reimbursements to employees (and dependents) are completely tax-free.

Is it any wonder that today the majority of small Canadian incorporated businesses are now looking at a Health Spending Account, as either their primary, or secondary form of health coverage.

The bottom-line is that it is more economical to cover the routine costs, and the broader range of health care services through a Health Spending Account. In these situations, the monthly benefits plans are more restrictive, more costly and far less flexible.

Pit Bike Modification

These bikes have some very restrictive parts fitted when standard and therefore the first move is to try to remove these parts for better ones. The carburettors and air filters on these bikes mean that fuel and air supply to the engine are limited and therefore the ride will not be as smooth or as powerful because of this.

The first thing to do then is to buy a new race carb, these can be purchased off some websites for around 40-50, this is quite cheap considering the gain in performance it could achieve. After this has been fitted it is a good idea to derestrict the airflow with a free flow air filter (K&N style). This will add extra horsepower to your pit bike and give a great performance boost.

The next part which I would change would be the exhaust and manifold, which are again very restrictive to the engines of these bikes. A performance exhaust can be found on some sites for around 50 but can also retail at a few hundred pounds so be sure to shop around first.

Once these modifications have been made there will be a great power difference increasing low and mid range power as well as top end.

However there is still more to do in order to get the most out of your pit bike, in pit bikes the CDI unit is often restricted. The limiter on these are usually set around 8,500 rpm which means you will not be getting the most out of your bike if this is left standard.

A performance CDI unit can be purchased for these bikes which will mean that these bikes can now rev freely up to about 10,000 rpm which will mean smoother power curves and better acceleration and top end.

Adjustments can be made to the gearing of these bikes as well, in order for you to adjust this depending on the style of track you will be riding on. The best thing to do to change the gearing of the bike is to experiment with the set up of the sprockets. Standard sprockets are usually 14 tooth on the front, with a 37-40 tooth sprocket on the back.

Changing the front sprocket with a larger one will result in better top end, and a smaller rear sprocket will have the same effect, however acceleration will be lost when top end is gained and vice versa.

For more information on modifying pit bikes, or for details of parts for sale which will increase the power of your pit bike then visit www.minimotosgo.com and take a look for yourself.

Kinds Of Money Lenders

There are different types of money lenders and this article deals with the different types of money lenders present in the market scenario. Some of the different types of money lenders are

Mortgage bankers
Mortgage brokers
Wholesale Lenders
Portfolio lenders
Direct Lenders
Correspondents
Banks and Savings & Loans
Credit Union

Mortgage Bankers

A mortgage banker is a lender that can originate loans which they can sell to Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, Ginnie Mae, jumbo loan investors, and others. Thus a company who is capable of doing the above function is termed as a mortgage banker; however their size differs based on the different companies. Some mortgage bankers service the loans to the customers which they have originated while others do not. Most of the brokers have wholesale lending divisions. Some of the examples of mortgage bankers are Countrywide Home loans and Wells Fargo Mortgage. In this example one company is associated with a bank while the other is not. Many companies call themselves as mortgage bankers while some are really bankers but as far as the case of the others is considered it is mostly marketing.

Mortgage Brokers

Mortgage brokers are institutions who originate loans with the intention that they would give the amount to wholesale lending institutions. A broker has contacts or a set relationship with these wholesale lending institutions. Underwriting and the activity of funding takes place at the wholesale lender. They deal with the institutions that have wholesale loan department.

Wholesale Lenders

Many of the mortgage brokers and even the portfolio lenders act as wholesale lenders. They cater to the need of mortgage brokers for the origination of loan. There are some wholesale lenders that do not even possess their retail branches as they rely on mortgage brokers for the loans.

Portfolio lenders

An institution which lends own money and originates loans for itself is referred to as portfolio lender. Thus in this way they are lending their own portfolio of loans and they are not concerned about being able to sell them on the secondary market. Thus they need not abide by the rules of Fannie/Freddie guidelines and thus they can create their own rules for ascertaining the credit worthiness. Usually portfolio lenders are large banks. Only a particular part of their loan programs are portfolio products. Incase they are providing fixed rate of loans or government loans, and then they are definitely engaging in mortgage banking as well as portfolio lending.

The Urgency in Deploying Network Security Appliance for Small Business Networks

Information is business assets, like other valuable business assets, that must be protected against any threats. In medium to enterprise business networks, the management of the information security is a must. In small business networks, generally the organizations lack of competent security experts that should manage the information security. Therefore the choice of the deployment of small business network security appliance is a must for small organizations.

In large enterprise networks, they have many layers of security protections including the endpoint security, the management of information security and policies which must be enforced to all business unit groups. Unlike large scale business or enterprise networks, in small organizations – generally they do not develop the management of information security in place.

This is generally due to lack of IT security expertise which does not compare to the assets that must be rotected. Any layers of security that should be deployed, depends on how critical your information assets is. Therefore, they mainly focus in securing the endpoint security.

The entry point of the private network generally where all the internet threats are coming from, the intruders or the hackers as well as the malware will start to attack the vulnerabilities they found. Therefore, small business network security should concentrate in protecting the entry point by any types of secured firewall appliances. There are many security appliances available in the marketplace you can consider to use for your organization.

The following are some of the small business network security appliances you can consider to use for your small organizations. DSD-150 is designed for home or SOHO networks that use broadband internet connection.

DSD-150 Security appliance

D-Link DSD-150 internet security adapter is an all-in-one small business network security which is designed for home and small business networks. With this single device connected in the entry point of your broadband internet connection, you have a complete protection including network protection, firewall protection, virus protection, spyware protection, identity protection, pop-up blocker, SPAM blocker, and parental control – all in a palm-sized box.

DSD-150 is suitable for home and SOHO as small business network security which has 4 computers or more. installation and configuration is easy, DSD-150 has 2 Ethernet ports, WAN port must be connected to the modem (RJ-45 LAN port), and the LAN port must be connected to the wireless router.

CheckPoint Safe Office 500

CheckPoint Safe Office 500 is a small business network security a total internet security appliance for small to medium sized business networks. If your organization is lack of security personnel, dont worry trust the network security to this CheckPoint Safe Office 500 that can protect a network of up to 100 users from any types of network threats.

Consider your investment plan carefully

Retirement is a necessary event which everyone faces in life. When one thinks of his income after retirement, several options arise. During his service, the person has to save some amount every month for his retired life. The person invests this amount in Annuity schemes which fetch him some periodical income so that after retirement he can lead a normal life. Before choosing the appropriate investment plan, the person has to evaluate his needs. His immediate commitments like education of children, expenses on health, renovation of house, legal expenses if any are some of the factors which may require careful consideration. The next question that he has to consider is the marriage of children, tour plans, etc.

Where to invest the savings?

This is a vexing question that needs careful consideration. Many employees invest the amount with their employers. In return for this investment, the employer normally gives the employee a fixed amount periodically as Annuity. Of course in the beginning the Annuity which the employee gets would seem to be reasonable. But with inflation, the fixed annuity will not be sufficient in the coming years. Even with an inflation of about 3% every year, in about 4 to 5 years the person will feel the financial crunch.

The alternative is to invest in Stock market. But this requires specialization and careful market analysis. Everyone may not have this quality. So this is a risky investment.

As an alternative, the employee can consider the investment plans offered by different investment companies. Many of the investment agencies have several attractive plans like Annuity with health insurance coverage for the spouse, burglary insurance, etc. Such investment could be another better option to choose.

Some persons may consider investing in real estate. But if such investment is made, the person may not have fixed returns unless the investment fetches him some amount by way of rent. If such investment is made when there is a favorable market, the value of real estate would appreciate and this may fetch attractive returns.

However, as far as investment plan is concerned, all that matters is the wisdom of the investor. Wherever necessary, he can take the guidance of professional investment planners who would be able to guide the investor appropriately.

Business Startup Loans – Funds to sustain your trade

Now in this new era every individual has a scope of starting a new trade for extra earning. Not every person can be eligible as you need a good cash flow to run any trade. Business startup loans is good solution to start your own new business without any hesitation. This facility is meant for industrialists who need simple and fast funds to start their business.

The applicant can avail this facility is he/she wants to on a large scale, then long term advance would suite the most. They are those finances which prove to be useful for the purpose of opening a new industry or company. This scheme is really beneficial for people who are not able to arrange funds for the opening of a new company or industry.

These advances are categorized into the secured and unsecured form.If the applicant wants to apply for a secured from of credit they will have to place security against the loan sum taken. Thus, they will carry a reasonably lower rate of interest as the lenders risk is protected. In case of the failure of the payment by the applicant lender will recognize the security and pick up the amount of the funds.

The unsecured category does not stipulate any security. Therefore, it carries a moderately higher rate of interest as the lenders risk in dealing with you is extra. However, the applicant does not have to worry about losing their possessions as they do not place any security in this form of recognition.

In the normal procedure, the submission process is very simple and fast. The candidate needs to fill a relevance form giving all the essential details. The applicant must ensure that the information they propose is right. A single form is to be filled. Once the appeal form is established and approved, the lender will transfer the funds into your pay account.

John Michel is a distinguished author who has lended his expertise to a vast range of products and services centered around Business and Commercial loans.For more information related to Business startup loans,loans for business start up, small business start up loans please visit

Small Business Marketing Track Your Results And Save Money

Marketing is the keyword which makes businesses run, no matter what their running capital is. From huge energy companies to companies who sell sports goods, you always require a good marketing tool or a help to get your job done. Small business marketing is a tricky area and if the marketing is not proper, it can even kill your business.

This is where Ad trackers come to bail out and rescue small businesses. Advertising a small business with an Ad tracker helps you monitor your online advertising expenditure against your actual earnings and revenues from the website, in real time. This way you can know which ads produce results for you and which do not and hence choose ads accordingly.

This will undoubtedly help you market your small business in a better way by attracting the right traffic to your website. Let us see the other attractive ways by which you can market your small business for FREE.

Online free video sharing sites like YouTube.

Create a Jingle!

Use the jingle as your caller tune!

Ad tracking = Affiliate Marketing

Undoubtedly, a lot of money can be made from affiliate marketing, more precisely Ad tracking. People are making money and the very fact that they are making money by launching not-so-useful sites must wake you up and get running to get affiliate marketing tools to your benefit.

The catch lies in how smartly you choose your ads. For example, the most incentive oriented affiliate product might not bring in good revenues! It depends on the relevance of the product with your small business and also how the ad is being displayed on the site. It is not hard to imagine that flashy sites with some relevance will get clicked on first than those ad links which are in words only.

If you can use Ad trackers, you will benefit from the software and get more worth and return for your vested business. This can be found from a service provider with some monthly fees or can be purchased with a 2-3 year license or as the product comes with. The best part is that they keep their algorithms updated by synchronizing with their main server and thereby giving you the best results. This is handy tool to organize your small business especially if youre hosting advertisements for multiple affiliate products.

There are other ways to run a business than to just run it on pure gut feeling or intuitions. You may get lucky once, twice or even thrice, but will not be able to sustain a long run. Planning is therefore of prime importance and small business marketing with advertisement trackers can help you achieve the optimum.

Unit Trusts And Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments

Unit Trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments

Unit trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies (OEICs) are types of collective investments. In a collective investment, each individual investment is pooled with every other individual investment and then invested as a whole by the manager of the investment.

Different unit trust and OEIC funds invest in different asset classes – shares, bonds, cash and property. Some funds focus on just one asset class, while others invest in two or more. Irrespective of the asset class or classes they invest in, most fund managers will hold a wide spread of investments in their chosen asset class. That is one of the reasons why unit trusts and OEICs are popular with investors spreading investments across a range of businesses can help reduce a funds volatility and the risks for its investors.

Although unit trusts and OEICs are both open-ended investments, where the size of the fund varies according to market supply and demand, there are a number of key differences between the two types of funds.

Investors in unit trusts buy and sell a portion of the total fund in the form of units. The price unit holders initially pay for units (the bid price) is higher than the price they can sell the units for (the offer price): the difference between the two prices is known as the spread. In order for unit holders to make a return on their investment, the closing bid price must always be higher than the opening offer price. An OEIC fund on the other hand, does not trade in units but issues shares to its investors and is therefore an investment company – a less complex entity than a unit trust. Shares in an OEIC have a single price, which is determined by the value of the fund’s underlying investments. All shares in an OEIC are bought and sold at one single price, so theres no bid/offer spread to take into account.

The value of an investment in a unit trust or OEIC will vary according to the total value of the fund, which is determined by the performance of the investments the fund manager makes. Unit trusts and OEICs usually impose an up-front charge and annual management fees, some of which are declared as a percentage of the investment, while others are built into the price.